Principles


TOWARDS A SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE

Sustainability is a function of the building and of the community within which it is built.

The Community

• Should offer transportation choice (including walking.)
• Should have ordinary daily needs available within walking distance.
• Should have streets and public spaces which are convivial and secure.
• Should have housing suitable for diverse age, income, and family structure.
• Should have a suitable set of civic spaces.
• Should have facilities for the processing of storm water and waste.
• Should have common facilities to process and market agricultural produce.

The Building

Productive

• Dwellings should provide places for food production as appropriate to the transect zone.
• Dwellings should have adequate area dedicated to food processing and storage.
• Lots should provide places for tool storage, as appropriate to the transect zone.
• Buildings should catch and reuse rainwater for domestic use.
• Buildings should be prepared for the installation of electrical generators.

Contextual

• Buildings should provide frontages that engage the pedestrian passersby.
• Building function, configuration and disposition should support its transect zone.
• Building plans should be comfortable, functional and flexible.
• Buildings should incorporate the knowhow of their regional heritage.
• Sites should be designed integrally with the building, landscaping and its appurtenances.
• Landscape material should be appropriate to the region.
• Buildings should be designed to minimize site grading

Buildable

• Building materials should be durable and cost effective.
• Building materials should  be easily repaired, rather than requiring replacement.
• Building materials should be detailed and assembled in a proven manner.
• Buildings materials should minimize energy through processing and transportation.
• Building materials that require greater processing should be recycled.
• Buildings should use recycled components and materials to the extent feasible.
• Buildings design should minimize construction waste, which should be recycled.
• Building should be detailed for readily readily available skill sets.

Adaptable

• Dwellings should include a potential workplace somewhere on the site.
• Buildings should be designed to expand, including upwards and towards the frontage.
• Buildings may have ancillary structures.
• Buildings should be simple in massing and structure in order to be more easily adaptable.
• Dwellings should enable occupants to age in place.

Frugal

• Dwellings should be no larger than necessary to be livable.
• Building plans should maximize economic and functional efficiency.
• Buildings should respond to orientation while not undermining the pedestrian frontages.
• Buildings should provide adequate and convenient recycling facilities.
• Buildings should be designed to reduce energy consumption, primarily passively.
• Building insulation and appliances should be as efficient as feasible.
• Dwellings should include a sunny laundry-drying area shielded from street frontages.
• Buildings should provide plug-ins for electrical vehicles and include a bike garage.


© New Urban Guild 2014